A quick comparing glance into Qur’an

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… Allah knows that ye cherish them in your hearts… Q:2:235

… Come not nigh to indecent deeds whether open or secret… Q:6:151

And (He has created) horses, mules and donkeys for you to ride and as an adornment; and He has created things of which ye have no knowledge. Q:16:8

And We made some of the Prophets to excel others and We gave to David the Psalms. Q:17:55

Not for sport did We create the heavens and the earth and all that is between! If it had been Our wish to take a pastime, We should surely have taken it from the things nearest to Us, if We would do. Nay, We hurl the Truth against falsehood and it knocks out its brain, and behold, falsehood doth perish! Ah! woe be to you for the things ye ascribe. Q:21:16-18

And among His Signs is this, that He created for you mates from among yourselves, that ye may dwell in tranquility with them, and He has put love and mercy between you verily in that are Signs for those who reflect. And among His Signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth and the variations in your languages and your colours: verily in that are Signs for those who know. Q:30:21&22

So set thou thy face truly to the religion being upright, the nature in which Allah has made mankind: no change in the work by Allah: that is the true Religion. But most among mankind know not. Q:30:30

We bestowed Grace aforetime on David from Us ‘O ye Mountains! echo ye back the Praises of Allah with Him! and ye birds (also!) Q:34:10

Glory to Allah, Who created in pairs all things that the earth produces, as well as their own kind and things of which they have no knowledge. Q:36:36

We created not the heavens, the earth, and all between them merely in sport. We created them not except for just ends, but most of them do not know. Q:44:38

We created not the heavens and the earth and all between them but for just ends, and for a term appointed. But those who reject Faith turn away from that whereof they are warned. Q:46:3

O ye assembly of Jinns and men! If it be ye can pass beyond the zones of the heavens and the earth, pass ye! Not without authority shall ye be able to pass! Q:55:33

He Who created the seven heavens one above another, no want of proportion wilt thou see in the Creation of the Most Gracious. So turn thy vision again: seest thou any flaw? Q:67:3

‘Whether all this which they call the universe is left to the guidance of unreason and chance medley, or, on the contrary, as our fathers have declared, ordered and governed by a marvellous intelligence and wisdom.’ This is what Socrates said to Protarchus, according to Plato. Protarchus: ‘Wide asunder are the two assertions, illustrious Socrates, for that which you were just now saying to me appears to be blasphemy; but the other assertion, that mind orders all things, is worthy of the aspect of the world, and of the sun, and of the moon, and of the stars and of the whole circle of the heavens; and never will I say or think otherwise.’

The idea of a realistic and systematic plan for creation was familiar to the ancient Greeks; much of their philosophical effort to find logical explanation behind the regular forces of nature are inspired by the need to understand a universal cause behind it all and they found that much of their effort stranded on its unreachable quality. The Greeks, however, had perfectly well noticed that some things are naturally and logically impossible and Qur’an appears to support this idea. Not without reason Qur’an says: ‘but most of them do not know’ and ‘no want of proportion in creation, seest thou any flaw?’ The idea of duality in creation is mentioned in Qur’an in several verses, sometimes referring to gender, sometimes, like in verse 36:36, also other opposing or complementing forces may be understood. Love as an emotion and primarily blissful divine gift is mentioned in Qur’an too, see above, like music, see verse 34:10, if worship of Allah is not forgotten and not if used for harmful or abusive purposes. Dawud’s, or King David’s Psalms, are important lyrical works. They are not quoted in Qur’an al Kerim, but mentioned only. However, legal restrictions on music and unchastity in Islam are better known to most people. These verses mention the importance of knowledge in general and how knowledge may lead to thinking and eventually to faith; they are incentives to gather knowledge, even to develop oneself into science and arts, rather than scientific treatises.

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Filed under Known scientific research & development during the rise of Islam

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